Natural FibresTextile Fibres

Classification of Cotton Fibers: Botanical | Commercial | According to Length

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BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION OF COTTON
CottonFibres belong to the botanical genus ‘Gossypium’. Further Cotton is classified in four names as per the places of cultivation like,
Gossypium Arboreum
:
India
Gossypium Herbaceum
:
Middle East
Gossypium Barbadense
:
Peru, Egypt
Gossypium Hirsutum
:
America, West Indies
COMMERCIAL CLASSIFICATION OF COTTON
Cottonfibres are classified commercially according to the source they are; as their staple length. There are six types of cotton available. Those (b) Egyptian cotton, (c) Brazilian cotton (d) American cotton, (e) cotton.
Sea Island Cotton
Sea Island cotton comes originally from Barbadoes, hence it has the Barbadense’. It is the most important cotton and is grown in USA, Florida. It is a long, fine, soft and silky fibre. This cotton is in length or twist. The colour is of a light creamy tint. The staple length is around 5cm or more.
Egyptian Cotton
This cotton is available in Egypt and Middle East countries. These fibres are also long, fine, soft and silky like that of Sea Island cotton with slight inferior qualities. The staple length of this cotton fibre is in between 3.7 to 4.5 cm.
American Cotton
American cotton is grown in USA and south of North America. The staple length of this cotton fibre is in between 2.5 to 3.5 cm.
Indian Cotton
This cotton is available in India. The quality is generally poor with lower staple and coarser diameter. This cotton is generally white in color. The staple length is in the range of 2-3cm.
China Cotton
This type of cotton is generally available in china only. The quality of this cotton is poorest and it cannot be used for finest quality of fabrics. The staple length is 1.5-2cm only.
CLASSIFICATION OF FIBRES ACCORDING TO LENGTH OF THE FIBRE

Cottonfibres can also be classified according to its length. Being natural fibre, inherent variation exists the properties of fibre. Classification of fibres according to length of the fibre is as follows:



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